In 1974 a two-tier administrative structure of (Shire) Counties and Non-Metropolitan Districts was set up across the whole of England and Wales. Council functions were divided according to the level at which they could be practised most efficiently.
In consequence, counties took on functions including education, transport, strategic planning, consumer protection, refuse disposal, smallholdings, social services and libraries, whereas the Districts had responsibility for local planning, housing, building, environmental health, refuse collection and cemeteries.
In Staffordshire there is one county council and eight district councils. The areas the councils cover can be viewed in the Interactive Boundary Map.