Class/subject teachers ensure that:
- Speech and Language skills are incorporated in the school’s curriculum and reflected across all subjects.
- Teaching and learning opportunities are appropriately differentiated to take into account language levels and that there are appropriate levels of intellectual challenge and support.
- Tasks are planned so that pupils are encouraged to talk through ideas with peers and adults.
- The language demands of the subject area are adjusted, when necessary, in order to improve access through:
- Identifying sequential skills that are explicitly linked to prior learning.
- Identifying target vocabulary and using pre and/or post tutoring if needed.
- Differentiating by task, outcome or teaching materials.
- Opportunities for distributed practice and interleaved learning.
- Language and communication skills are explicitly taught, for example:
- Listening skills.
- Participation in groups.
- Turn taking.
- Figurative speech, please see the book It's Raining Cats and Dogs.
- Non-verbal communication.
- Vocabulary is explicitly taught by the following methods:
- Linking new vocabulary to prior learning.
- Adults using new vocabulary.
- Using pictures/photos.
- Using definitions.
- Using actions.
- Using synonyms.
- Using direct instruction.
- Recognising when new vocabulary is used by the children
Word Aware: Teaching Vocabulary across the day, across the curriculum is a good resource to use as a framework for teaching vocabulary in the classroom. For information on the 3 tiers of vocabulary see the Mable website and for whole school approach to teaching vocabulary see the National Literacy Trust website.
Other resources for teaching vocabulary include:
Time to Talk is a programme for 4-6 year old and can be used in the whole class, in groups or individually with children to develop language skills.
Talk for Writing is a recommended writing programme for in the classroom.
Language for Learning, Language for Thinking and Language for Writing are also an evidence-based language curriculum to use in the classroom that use Direct Instruction.
Please refer to the Communication Trust website for more ideas for a communication curriculum.