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Jargon Buster

Below is a list of words and phrases commonly used in education. Selecting them will reveal their definitions:

The high frequency words are the words that occur most often in written texts. They include "the" and "and".
A phoneme is a unit of sound – examples would be the noises you make when you say 't' or 'k'.
Phonics are a method for teaching reading and writing by developing the ability to hear, identify and manipulate units of sound.
Segment means to split up a word into its individual phonemes to spell it. E.g, the word 'bat' has three phonemes: b – a – t.
In Year 9 (age 13 or 14) pupils have to choose their GSCE subjects. 

Further information is available on our Year 7, Year 8 and Year 9 page.


A common entrance exam is taken by some children as part of the admissions process for academically selective independent schools, following on from primary education (whether state or independent). There are two versions, catering for school admissions starting at 11 and 13 years old.

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